The Origin and Development of Automobile seat belts
Seat belts existed before cars were invented. In 1885, when carriages were widely used in Europe, seat belts were simply designed to prevent passengers from falling out of carriages. By 1910 seat belts began to appear on the plane. In 1922, sports cars on the racetrack began to use seat belts, and by 1955, Ford cars in the United States began to install seat belts. Generally speaking, the seat belts of this period were mainly two-point seat belts. In 1955, aircraft designer Niels invented the three-point seat belt after working for Volvo Motor Company. In 1963, Volvo began registering Niels' three-point seat belt and assembling it on its own car. In 1968, the United States stipulated that seat belts should be installed in front seats of cars, and developed countries such as Europe and Japan also formulated regulations that car occupants must wear seat belts one after another.The Ministry of Public Security of China issued a circular on November 15, 1992, which stipulates that from July 1, 1993, all minibus drivers (including cars, jeeps, minivans, minibuses) and front seat passengers must use seat belts. Article 51 of the Law on Road Traffic Safety stipulates that when motor vehicles are driving, drivers and passengers shall use seat belts in accordance with the relevant provisions. At present, the most widely used is the three-point seat belt.